Optimization for disaster response including COVID-19

Optimization for disaster response including          COVID-19
Operations research and systems analysis
Current Project

 

Overview

Value-focused robust optimization for disaster response

Over the last few years, this CAOE project team has been working on projects to enhance preparations and response for natural disasters and national emergencies. In the past, these projects focused primarily on hurricane preparedness. Research was focused on gathering and analyzing a combination of available data, forecasts, and expert opinions.

With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the research team realized their efforts could also be applied to pandemic responsiveness. The goals of this project are to make recommendations to policymakers to guide decisions on critical resources, processes, and supply chains that could lessen the negative impacts of the pandemic. This includes the development of real-time decision support systems for proactive response including resource planning, even under uncertain active cascading emergencies

Solution

The research team is developing a Value-Focused Robust Optimization (VFRO) for Disaster Response to the specific challenges of COVID-19. Collaborating with the University of Texas at Austin on a previous a research study of the H1N1 pandemic, this group is building new models and solution methods to address the challenges of COVID-19 including epidemiological dynamics, social distancing policies, ventilator deployment/re-deployment, antiviral logistics, and equalizing access for vaccines.

Impact

This approach will address real-world scenarios to guide the allocation of critical resources and develop efficient supply chain processes. As part of their findings, the team will make recommendations to policymakers to guide decisions on critical resources, processes, and supply chains that could lessen the pandemic’s negative impacts.

Research Leadership Team 

Principal Investigator: Pitu Mirchandani, Arizona State University
Co-PI: David Morton, Northwestern University
Co-PI: Lauren Davis, North Carolina A&T State University
Co-PI: Ross Maciejewski, Arizona State University